Pier Larson, Food, Sex and Law at Fort Dauphin (Madagascar) – Collège de France

Dans le cadre d’une journée consacrée aux îles “Historia Insularum : les îles dans l’histoire globale à l’époque moderne“, qui s’est tenue en mars dernier au Collège de France, Pier Larson a présenté une communication intitulée :

Food, Sex and Law at Fort Dauphin (Madagascar): France’s First Colony in the Indian Ocean, 1642-74

Son intervention – ainsi que toutes celles de la journée – peut être écoutée en ligne, via ce lien !

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CFP for the 2018 Madagascar Workshop !

Welcome to the 2018 Madagascar Workshop!

Call for papers

We are pleased to announce a new venue for this year’s annual interdisciplinary Madagascar Workshop. This year, the workshop will be hosted by Rutgers University, Newark, in Newark, New Jersey, USA, October 11-13, 2018. Rutgers-Newark is conveniently located near the Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), as well as the Newark Pennsylvania Station with regular trains into New York City (about a 30-minute ride).

The Madagascar workshop aims to bring together anthropologists, historians and other scholars who share an interest in Madagascar and its diaspora, and to provide a forum for participants to share current research and ideas. The meeting will include formal presentations and informal discussion centered around thematic sessions. Workshop sessions will take place Friday, October 12- Saturday, October 13th. (Special events to be announced soon.)

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Between Slavery and Post-slavery Citizenship, Dependence, and Abolitionism in African and Indian Ocean Societies

Between Slavery and Post-slavery

Citizenship, Dependence, and Abolitionism in African and Indian Ocean Societies

Hosted by the University of Mauritius in collaboration with the University of Birmingham and SLAFNET

10-12 April 2018

Problem statement

In October 2014, the international conference Slavery in Africa: Past, Legacies and Present (SLAFCO) was held at the Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA) in Nairobi. This three-day conference brought together over sixty scholars from all over the world and representatives of African anti-slavery NGOs and civil society organizations.

Building on this first experience of exchange between researchers and activists, ‘Between Slavery and Post-Slavery’ will focus on (1) the recent legacies of past slavery; (2) contemporary forms of exploitation akin to slavery; and (3) the political mobilisation of African grassroots activists and politicians in various countries in Africa and in Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean islands.

(1) Legacies of past slavery: This workshop will explore the political and social marginalization of persons of slave descent in different African societies today. In some contexts, groups of slave descendants are classified, collectively, through labels that indicate slave origins in particular African languages. These labels have derogatory connotations and are often accompanied by ideas about the sociocultural and biogenetic inferiority of those classified as slave descendants. These groups suffer from specific vulnerabilities ranging from political exclusion and ‘second-class citizenship’, to economic exploitation and restricted opportunities for social mobility, to increased exposure to violence and exactions. Contributions focused on slave descent will study identity-based discrimination: what forms it takes and what responses it elicits in terms of resistance and grassroots activism.

(2) Slavery today: A second strand of phenomena examined here is the resilience of actual slavery, as an institution that enables control tantamount to possession over those enslaved. In spite of worldwide legal abolition, slavery has not ended. In the African continent illegal enslavement takes different forms. It can be a consequence of discrimination based on slave descent in areas where erstwhile slave-owners retained power and slave descendants remained vulnerable to extreme forms of exploitation. But slavery does not affect only persons of slave descent. Like elsewhere in the world, in Africa too, there is a persistent demand for cheap and easily controllable labour and exploitable persons. Human trafficking, especially in women and children, is well documented in different African regions and between Africa and other countries. Furthermore, recent African wars resulted in abductions and violence directed against civilians, primarily women, leading to the prosecution of perpetrators for crimes of sexual slavery. Some political movements, such as Boko Haram in Northern Nigeria, openly advocate the legitimacy of slavery as an institution. Contributions focused on slavery will consider its manifestations, discourses about slavery’s (il)legitimacy, and the resistance of those enslaved or at risk of enslavement.

(3) African anti-slavery movements and grassroots activism: A third axis for reflection and discussion will focus on African anti-slavery NGOs and forms of political mobilization against slavery and the discrimination targeted at slave descendants. Some researchers described African anti-slavery NGOs as phenomena of extraversion, aimed at accessing international funding through links with ‘Western’ anti- slavery organisations. But African abolitionist movements are diverse. Some engage more with national politics than with international donors, as in the case of the Zoam Marxist movement founded by Malagasy slave descendants in the 1970s. Undoubtedly some of the main African anti-slavery NGOs benefit from the support of international anti-slavery organisations. But this does not make their struggles any less ‘real’. Their membership and opposition are national and local. Hence the question is not only whether the agenda of African anti-slavery NGOs chimes with the goals of global anti-slavery organisations: it clearly does. More specifically, we invite contributions that explore the meanings and functions of abolitionism in Africa today; the challenges identified by the leaders and grassroots members of these organisations, their driving ideas and political strategies.


  1. Slave descent, post-slavery, and classificatory slavery:
    1. Following legal abolition, what were the opportunities available to different groups of

      enslaved persons in different African regions and contexts?

    2. What strategies did different categories of slave descendants unfold, and why?
    3. How, if at all, did relations between former slaves and slave-owners change?
    4. Why are certain groups classified as coming ‘from slavery’, with what consequences, and

      giving rise to what forms of resistance and/or identity politics?

    5. How was slavery, as an institution, transformed following legal abolition? What forms of

      labour replaced slave labour? How were the roles of slaves in sexual, reproductive, and domestic domains reconfigured?

  2. Slavery today:
    1. What types of slavery, if any, exist in contemporary African societies? What groups are involved? How do war and conflict influence practices of enslavement?
    2. What forms of resistance, and by which actors, does contemporary slavery gives rise to?
    3. How does the international definition of slavery, based on the 1926 Slavery Convention of the League of Nations, relate to contemporary African phenomena and national legislations?
    4. How is slavery defined and characterised in contexts marked by legal pluralism?
    5. Who, if anyone, defends the legitimacy of slavery today, through which arguments, and with

      what practical consequences?

  3. African anti-slavery movements, neo-abolitionism, and grassroots activism:
    1. What forms does abolitionism take in Africa today, what practices does it give rise to, and what are the ideological roots of different African abolitionist discourses?
    2. What are the main forms of anti-slavery advocacy in Africa today (e.g. national and international NGOs, political parties, grassroots movements, religious associations, etc.)?
    3. Who becomes a member of African anti-slavery movements and why?
    4. What challenges does African anti-slavery activism face and why?
    5. How, if at all, do African abolitionist movements differ from those of African diasporas in Europe and the Americas?


DAY 1: Tuesday 10 April – VENUE: ELT 2 Engineering Tower

9.15 – 10.00 Launching Ceremony at the Nelson Mandela Centre

Welcome and introduction

10.00 Tea and coffee served


Chair : Olivette Otele

1. Abena Ampofoa Asare, Disappeared Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRCs): The (Im)Possibility of Historical Justice in Contemporary Africa

2. Jimmy Harmon, The FCM Manifesto (2009): A road map to the Afro-Kreols of Mauritius
3. Melchisedek Chetima, A la Quête d’une Émancipation Effective: Esclaves Royaux, Paradoxes

de Statut et Allégeance Politique dans le Lamidat de Rey-Bouba
4. Eric Hahonou, Pourquoi pas nous? Emancipation politique et citoyenneté des femmes gando

au Bénin

12.15 – 14.00 Lunch
14.00-14.45 Keynote address by Sylvio Michel, politician and activist, Mauritius. 14.45-16.15 PANEL 2: THE ENDURING STIGMA OF SLAVE ORIGINS

Chair : Olivette Otele

1. Patrick O. Abungu, The consequences of slavery heritage on memory, identity and human rights in Kenya

2. Klara Boyer-Rossol, After slavery, the emancipation strategies of the Makoa, their stigmatization and the persistence of servile practices in western Madagascar.

3. Valerio Colosio, We are not “sons of the people”. Post slavery, origins and citizenship rights in contemporary Chad.

16.15 – 16.45 Tea break

Presenters: Patrick Abungu and Abubacar Fofana

16.45 – 18.45 Screening of 2 films – The Slave Route, Kenya and Mozambique Cocktail at Institut Francais de Maurice (TBC)

Patrick Abungu and Okoko Ashikoye: “Silent Memories: the Unbroken Chains” – A Chestial Touch Production, Mombasa, 2014, 16:39 min.

DAY 2: Wednesday 11 April – VENUE: ELT 2


Chair Benedetta Rossi

1. Biram Dah Abeid, Mauritanian politician, anti-slavery advocate, founder of IRA-Mauritania, (30 min), Mauritanian abolitionism: ideas and strategies of struggle

Biram Dah Abeid is a leading anti-slavery activist and human rights advocate in Mauritania. He is renowned nationally and internationally for charismatic leadership. In 2008 he founded the Initiative of the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement (IRA), an organization committed to eradicating slavery in Mauritania. Because of his successful campaigns of public awareness to end slavery, he has been repeatedly arrested and detained. He has received numerous prizes including the 2013 UN Human Rights Award. In the Mauritanian presidential election of 2014, he ran on human rights agenda as an opposition candidate, but lost to the incumbent Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.

2. Ali Bouzou, Nigerien activist, anti-slavery advocate, Secretary General of the NGO Timidria, (30 min), Nigerien abolitionism: ideas and strategies of struggle

Ali Bouzou is a Tuareg activist and politician in Niger. He has a long political career in which he fought for the rights of black Tuareg communities. From 2015 to date he is Secretary General of BEN Timidria.

3. Ibrahim Ag Idbaltanat pour Temedt, Malian activists, anti-slavery advocate, founder of the

NGOs GARI and Temedt, (30 min), Malian abolitionism: ideas and strategies of struggle Ibrahim Ag Idbaltanat is an activist in Mali, and founder of the NGO GARI (1987) and Temedt (2006). With these NGOs Ibrahim has advocated for peace and human rights, especially for those of slave ancestry. In recognition of his work, he was awarded the International Slavery Award (2012) and the UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence (2014).

4. Moses Binoga, Uganda’s National Coordinator Prevention of Trafficking in Persons and Police Commissioner, (30 min), Uganda’s fight against slavery and trafficking in persons

Binoga Moses is a Commissioner of Police in the Uganda Police force, with over 30 years of experience in the Police Force, and since 2013 National Coordinator Prevention of Trafficking in Persons in Uganda. In 2015 he was named Hero Acting to End Modern Slavery in recognition of his efforts to combat this crime.

Discussant: Benedetta Rossi: Reflections on African Abolitionism

12.00-13.00 Lunch

Chair Preben Kaarlsholm

1. Ramola Ramtohul, The gender dimensions of slavery in the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius 2. Hannah Baumeister, Forced Marriage in Times of Armed Conflict: A Form of Sexual Slavery? 3. Irene Kamaratou, African women in Greece – a case study

14.30 – 16.00 PANEL 5: BONDED MIGRANT LABOUR, PAST AND PRESENT Chair Stephanie Tamby

1. Preben Kaarsholm, The changing faces of servitude: From slavery and indenture to postmodern labour in the Western Indian Ocean

2. Deepa Gokulsing, Verena Tandrayen-Ragoobur, Priyanka Gopall and Yashna Damry,

Nineteenth Century Indentured Laborers and Today’s Foreign Labor in Mauritius: Any Similarity?

3. Emma Christopher, When Legacies of ‘Old’ Slavery and Methods of Resisting ‘New’ Slavery Overlap: The Banta of Sierra Leone

16.00 -16.15 Tea break

16.15 – 17.00 Transport to carry participants to Le Morne (45-min journey)
17.00 – 21.00 Visit to Le Morne and dinner hosted by Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund (TBC)

DAY 3: Wednesday 12 April – VENUE: TBC

9.00 – 10.30 Panel 6: HISTORICAL SLAVERY: THE PAST OF THE PRESENT? Chair Myriam Cottias

1. Eugénia Rodrigues, The instability of freedom: freeing slaves and their posterity in Mozambique before abolition

2. Valerie Delali Adjoh-Davoh and Kwame Osei-Kwarteng, Pawn child labourers in cocoa exports in the Winneba districts of colonial Ghana 1874- 1920

3. Benigna Zimba BIographies of female slaves: a comparative study of Mozambique and Kenya 10.30 – 11.00 Tea break

Chair Marie Pierre Ballarin

1. Felicitas Becker, Slavery in Tanzanian narratives of statehood
2. Lotte Pelckmans, Mobilising ’slave testimonies’ on internal African slavery: layered authorities

of the written for African anti-slavery cases
3. Sophie Le Chartier, Descendants of Afro-Malagasy or Descendants of Slaves: their experiences

in contemporary Mauritius

12.30 – 13.30 Buffet lunch


Chairs and facilitators: Vijaya Teelock & Myriam Cottias

Q&A on the ideas discussed during the previous two days, reflections on ‘lessons learned’ from policy advocacy and historical research, suggestions for future work and collaboration.

15.30-16.00 Closing session

Journée « Historiographie et mémoire », autour de 1947, Université d’Antananarivo

Le Département d’Histoire de l’Université d’Antananarivo, en partenariat avec l’Institut Français de Madagascar, organise une journée d’études et d’échanges autour du thème « Historiographie et mémoire ».

Informations pratiques :

  • Date : Mardi 28 mars 2017, à partir de 9 heures$
  • Lieu : Amphi 24, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines



  • Matinée

9h.00-9h.15 : Prise de parole

-Le Responsable de la mention histoire

-Le Doyen de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université d’Antananarivo

– Le Président de  l’Université d’Antananarivo


– Lucile Rabearimanana, Professeure titulaire: «L’insurrection de 1947 : le point des connaissances, les recherches entreprises et celles à entreprendre»

– Sylvie Andriamihamina, Directrice des Archives nationales : «Le fonds 1947 aux Archives nationales de Madagascar et ailleurs»

– Didier Nativel, Professeur, Université Denis Diderot, Paris 7 : «1947 : entre histoire nationale et perspectives croisées. Mémoires, écritures de l’histoire, comparaison »

Modératrice : Faranirina Rajaonah, Professeure émérite

10h.45-11h.45 : Échanges et débats

11h.45-12h.45 : Pause

  • Après-midi


– Felandzohary Razanakolona, historienne et Rolland Raparivo, artiste-peintre : Présentation du tableau «Ny Fandosirana, mars 1947»

– Jeannot Rasoloarison et Denis Alexandre Lahiniriko, Maîtres de conférences : «L’insurrection de 1947 à travers le programme scolaire malgache»

– Frédérique Andriamaro et Roland Rakotovao, Maîtres de conférences : Présentation du film «La perception des jeunes universitaires de la commémoration du 29 mars 1947»

Modératrice : Lolona Razafindralambo, Maître de conférences

14h.30-15h.30 : Échanges et débats

16h.00 :  Synthèse  et clôture

15h.30-16h.00 : Synthèse et clôture

10 mars 2016 : Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien

Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien

Séance du 10 mars 2016, 15h à 18h
Salle des artistes, Rdc, 96 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris

- Elke Stockreiter, American University, Washington, DC, Dept. of History
Islamic Law, Gender, and Social Change in Post-Abolition Zanzibar

Résumé :
This paper draws on Islamic court records to offer new insights into Zanzibar’s social and legal history during the British colonial period (1890-1963). Based on these hitherto unexplored sources, it revises our understanding of gender roles in a Muslim marriage and within the household. It further challenges studies on slavery and female exclusion from the economic and legal sphere on the East African coast, as the court records demonstrate the ubiquity and social acceptability of female economic agency. They also shed new light on litigants’ use of Islamic courts as well as on Muslim and British colonial officers’ approaches toward Islamic law. Although British interference with Zanzibar’s judiciary dates back to the early nineteenth century, the paper argues that Muslim judges maintained their autonomy within the sphere of family law throughout the colonial era. Contrary to the opinions of scholars and the Zanzibaris themselves, Muslim judges were advancing women’s and ex-slaves’ rights long before the post-colonial period, thereby indicating that class was a more important determinant of women’s identities than gender. The sources further allow us to better understand an important shift in Muslim identity that occurred in the colonial period : whereas Zanzibari Muslims had seen themselves primarily through the lens of religion in the nineteenth century, by the early twentieth century, after the vast majority of freed slaves had adopted Islam, they began to view themselves through the lens of ethnicity. The increasing focus on ethnicity, together with underlying tensions between former slave owners and newly freed slaves, contributed to the outbreak of the revolution of 1964, which ousted the Omani Arab oligarchy.

- Ismail Warscheid, IRHT-CNRS
Translating normative discourse into social facts : Islamic legal literature and the making of society in premodern Western Africa (Mauritania, Mali, southern Algeria)

Résumé :
For several decades now, Islamic legal literature has been serving as a source for the social and cultural history of pre-modern Muslim societies. At the same time, a range of scholars has also raised important methodological caveats by stressing the fact that legal sources are foremost normative texts. When discussing local issues in the language of the fiqh, the intention of Muslim jurists is not so much to preserve the cultural memory of their communities as to think of these issues as a normative problem that, at one moment, has come up either as a case (rafaʿat al-nāzila) or as a generic question (masʾala). In my presentation, I would like to take a step further by examining how normative propositions elaborated by Muslim jurists from the Western Sahara between the seventeenth and the nineteenth centuries affected social interaction between local pastoral groups. Texts to be discussed are, among others, the Nawāzil of al-Sharīf Ḥamāh Allāh from Tishit (d. 1755), the Ghunya compiled in the Algerian Tuwat oasis during the first half of the nineteenth century, and the Kitāb al-Bādiya written by the Mauritanian nomadic scholar Muḥammad al-Māmī (d. 1865-6).


Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic

Wendy Wilson-Fall et Michael Gomez, Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic, Ohio University Press, 2015, 245 p.

From the seventeenth century into the nineteenth, thousands of Madagascar’s people were brought to American ports as slaves. In Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic, Wendy Wilson-Fall shows that the descendants of these Malagasy slaves in the United States maintained an ethnic identity in ways that those from the areas more commonly feeding the Atlantic slave trade did not. Generations later, hundreds, if not thousands, of African Americans maintain strong identities as Malagasy descendants, yet the histories of Malagasy slaves, sailors, and their descendants have been little explored.

Wilson-Fall examines how and why the stories that underlie this identity have been handed down through families?—?and what this says about broader issues of ethnicity and meaning-making for those whose family origins, if documented at all, have been willfully obscured by history.

By analyzing contemporary oral histories as well as historical records and examining the conflicts between the two, Wilson-Fall carefully probes the tensions between the official and the personal, the written and the lived. She suggests that historically, the black community has been a melting pot to which generations of immigrants?—?enslaved and free?—?have been socially assigned, often in spite of their wish to retain far more complex identities. Innovative in its methodology and poetic in its articulation, this book bridges history and ethnography to take studies of diaspora, ethnicity, and identity into new territory.

“This innovative study marries two very divergent sources of knowledge—historical documentation from the era of the slave trade with the narratives of remembrance of ancestors from the present—to reveal a compelling story that links Madagascar with colonial North America and the struggles of the descendants of Malagasy immigrants to retain an identity that was endangered through slavery.” —Paul E. Lovejoy, Distinguished Research Professor, York

Toronto/McGill Madagascar Workshop, October 12-14, 2017

Dear Colleagues:

We are pleased to announce the 12th “Toronto/McGill Madagascar Workshop,” which will be held at the University of Toronto, October 12-14, 2017. This workshop aims to bring together anthropologists, historians and other scholars who share an interest in Madagascar and its diaspora, and to provide a forum for participants to share current research and ideas.

The meeting will include formal presentations and informal discussion centered around thematic sessions as well as a conference dinner. We are pleased to announce that the keynote speaker will be documentary filmmaker Marie-Clémence Paes. The workshop will include a screening of her film, Passé sous silence (Madagascar 1947) at the Alliance Française on Thursday evening, October 12th. Workshop sessions will take place on Friday October 13th (and possibly Saturday October 14th, depending on the final number of participants).

The workshop organizers invite participants to present research on any topic related to the study of Malagasy society, language, and people. Poster presentations or related modes of visual display are also invited for consideration. Potential participants should indicate their interest to Sarah Gould and submit a provisional title and short abstract by June 15, 2017.

There are no registration fees, however participants will be expected to cover their own travel costs. We have reserved a block of rooms at the Holiday Inn Toronto (Bloor Yorkville) at a reduced conference rate.

For further information and updates, please see the 2017 workshop website: https://madagascarworkshop2017.wordpress.com/ or contact Sarah Gould (at MadagascarWorkshop@gmail.com).

Kindly circulate this notice to any other parties, including students, who might be interested in participating. We look forward to the workshop and hope to see you in Toronto!



Welcome to the 2017 Madagascar Workshop!

Summer School-2017 : British Institute in Eastern Africa’s Advanced Research Methods (Nairobi)

The British Institute in Eastern Africa (www.biea.ac.uk ) is accepting applications to its three-week 2017 Summer School in Kenya.

Registration deadline is on 31st March 2017 while the payment deadline is on 30th April 2017

The Summer School targets graduate students from the humanities and social sciences departments from across the world. The aim is to provide advanced practical and field-based training in research methods. The students will spend ten days in the field putting into practice various research methods.


Modules on offer include: Approaches to African Studies by various Disciplines (Anthropology, Archaeology, History and Political Science); Introduction to field research; Practical sampling, mapping and village surveys exercises; Practical ethnographic field work exercises; Practical oral and life history interviewing and focus group discussion exercises and; Ethics, permits and practicalities of doing research in Africa.


Apply at: http://www.biea.ac.uk/summerschool/apply-now/


For more information, see brochure attached and/or get in touch with us through: summerschool@biea.ac.uk or cynthia.olouasa@biea.ac.uk


Many thanks,


Cynthia Olouasa

Project Development Officer

British Institute in Eastern Africa


British Institute in Eastern Africa Summer School 2017 Brochure

British Institute in Eastern Africa Summer School 2017 Brochure

7 mars 2017 : projection de « ZANA-BAHOAKA – Le néo rebelle malagasy » à l’université Paris Descartes

Le 7 mars 2017 à 17h30 à l’université Paris Descartes (45 rue des Saints Pères à Paris), le Ceped a le plaisir de vous inviter à la prochaine séance du Ceped fait son Cinéma où sera présenté le film « ZANA-BAHOAKA – Le néo rebelle malagasy ».


La projection du film en présence des réalisateurs Alban Biaussat & Michel Tabet, avec la collaboration scientifique de Mireille Razafindrakoto (IRD-DIAL), Francois Roubaud (IRD-DIAL) et Jean-Michel Wachsberger (université Lille 3-DIAL), sera suivie d’un débat.


Entrée libre, sans inscription.



«Zana-bahoaka – le néo rebelle malagasy» a été réalisé en 2015-2016 dans le cadre d’un projet d’étude sur les perceptions et attentes citoyennes concernant l’exercice du pouvoir à Madagascar. Ce projet, imaginé et orchestré par Collateral Creations avec le soutien de l’Union européenne, combine deux approches complémentaires : quantitative et qualitative. Il a été mené par une équipe mixte de réalisateurs travaillant avec trois chercheurs de DIAL/IRD en collaboration avec l’Institut National des Statistiques de Madagascar.Le film pose la question de la capacité de contestation populaire dans le contexte de récession économique continue et de crises socio-politiques récurrentes dans le pays. Il souligne les tensions entre valeurs traditionnelles de vivre ensemble et l’exercice d’un esprit critique individuel nécessaire au fonctionnement démocratique. Une courte vidéo « bonus » a également été réalisée pour relayer les commentaires des chercheurs dans le prolongement de cette démarche scientifique et documentaire. Le projet se poursuit aussi bien dans sa dimension méthodologique qu’analytique.


«Zana-bahoaka – le néo rebelle malagasy», 26min, 2016

Equipe :

Alban Biaussat (producteur & co-réalisateur, Collateral Creations)

Michel Tabet (co-réalisateur et anthropologue visuel, Collateral Creations)

Mireille Razafindrakoto (économiste, DIAL-IRD)

François Roubaud (économiste, DIAL-IRD)

Jean-Michel Wachsberger (sociologue, DIAL).



Le film et l’étude ont été restitués lors de l’Université d’Hiver Austral en Sciences Sociales organisée par l’IRD à Madagascar en juillet 2016. Un résumé de l’étude, le film et la vidéo « bonus » sont disponibles sur le site de Collateral Creations.


3 février – Séminaire “Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien”

La prochaine séance du séminaire “Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien” aura lieu le 3 février. Le séminaire est ouvert à tou.te.s, et peut être validé par les étudiant.e.s de master EHESS, Paris 1, etc.

Elara Bertho (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – THALIM)

« Mises en scène et usages des archives en littérature. Autour de la Chimurenga (Zimbabwe) »

La confrontation de documents d’archives et d’œuvres littéraires permettra d’analyser les différents types de réutilisations de la production documentaire coloniale en littérature, et les modalités de leurs récritures. Nous montrerons comment la première Chimurenga (1894-1897), dans l’actuel Zimbabwe, devient un motif littéraire majeur au moment de la seconde Chimurenga (1966-1979) et reste une source d’inspiration importante après l’indépendance. L’articulation entre l’archive et la fiction (à travers un parcours des œuvres d’Yvonne Vera, Stanlake Samkange, Solomon Mutswairo, Chenjerai Hove) rend compte de processus mémoriels complexes, interrogeant les mécanismes d’écritures de l’histoire coloniale et des potentialités subversives du fait littéraire.

Dominique Ranaivoson (Université de Lorraine)

« L’archive aux mains des écrivains : l’exemple du malgache Raharimanana et l’insurrection de 1947 »

Si l’historien fonde son travail sur des archives, qui, en tant que sources, sont respectées voire sacralisées, il est aussi en demeure de les contextualiser avant de les agencer selon un schéma narratif qu’il construit. Ces mêmes archives, entre les mains d’écrivains, d’artistes, qui ont d’autres méthodes pour d’autres objectifs, deviennent une matière à partir de laquelle se développe une création qui n’obéit plus aux contraintes des historiens. Cependant, la mention, voire la représentation de ces archives, quand elles apportent une caution scientifique à des œuvres poétiques, modifient de manière ambivalente la réception des œuvres littéraires.

Raharimanana est malgache ; il vit en France où il a écrit une série d’œuvres sur l’insurrection de 1947 en explorant diverses formes littéraires, toutes hybrides : roman (Nour, 1947, 2001), témoignage assorti de photos d’archives (Madagascar, 1947, 2007), commentaires de portraits d’anciens combattants (Portraits d’insurgés, 2011), pièces de théâtre (Rano, rano, 2015). Chaque fois, il utilise des archives mais les reprend, les associe à d’autres récits, les intègre à une réflexion plus générale et personnelle puis revendique dans des entretiens tantôt faire œuvre d’historien parce que « rien n’existe », tantôt s’approprier de manière libre des références communes. Nous nous proposons de présenter, en analysant ces méthodes, ces diverses publications afin de mettre en évidence ce qui relève de la stratégie, de la poétisation, de la falsification. Nous tenterons de comprendre les réceptions diverses (selon les pays et les milieux, les littéraires et les historiens) dont il bénéficie avant, en conclusion, d’ouvrir le débat sur les liens toujours complexes entre l’histoire et la  littérature.

Informations pratiques : Vendredi 3 février, de 14 h à 17 h, Salle de réunion de l’IMAf, 96 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris (entrée rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs)

Séminaire océan Indien (Paris Diderot – CESSMA), séance du 2 février, intervention de F. Bordelès

La prochaine séance du séminaire océan Indien aura lieu le jeudi 2 février de 17h à 19h, avec une intervention de :

Fabien Bordelès (ANOM)

Dommages et indemnisations de « l’entre-deux-guerres » malgache (1942-1947), à travers un nouveau fonds archivistique aux ANOM (Archives nationales d’outre-mer)

Lieu : Olympe de Gouges, 8 place Paul Ricœur, Paris, 8e étage, salle 864, métro F. Mitterrand, L. 14.

Appel à contributions : Regards croisés sur le patrimoine malgache, transmission et régénération d’un héritage vivant

Voici l’appel à communications pour un colloque international qui a lieu à l’Université de La Réunion, en février de cette année, sur le thème du patrimoine et de sa transmission :

“Regards croisés sur le patrimoine malgache, transmission et régénération d’un héritage vivant”.

Présentation rapide : “Ces journées de réflexion constituent le fruit de rencontres nées autour du film Songs for Madagascar de Marie Clémence et César Paes produit en 2016. Au vu de la richesse et de l’importance de la question du patrimoine, les principaux enjeux consistent dans la façon de maintenir vivant et même de continuer à façonner et de transmettre cet héritage partiellement ancré dans le passé. Il s’agit de le régénérer pour que les générations futures puissent se construire avec cet apport. “

Date limite : 25 janvier.

15/12/2016 : Sarah Fee “Des tissus et des noms” : le commerce de tissus de luxe dans l’océan Indien occidental au 19e siècle (CROIMA-Inalco)

Jeudi 15 décembre, Sarah Fee, anthropologue, conservatrice au Royal Museum of Ontario, et spécialiste des textiles dans l’océan Indien, interviendra dans le cadre des séminaires du CROIMA (INALCO).

Titre de l’intervention : “Des tissus et des noms” : le commerce de tissus de luxe dans l’océan Indien occidental au 19e siècle

 Dates :
Jeudi 15 Décembre 2016 – 18:30

Lieu :

Inalco – Amphi 8

Le CROIMA-ASIEs vous invite à la séance de décembre 2016 de ses conférence mensuelles :

“Des tissus et des noms” : le commerce de tissus de luxe dans l’océan Indien occidental au 19e siècle

Par Sarah Fee, Conservatrice au Musée Royal de l’Ontario