Journée « Historiographie et mémoire », autour de 1947, Université d’Antananarivo

Le Département d’Histoire de l’Université d’Antananarivo, en partenariat avec l’Institut Français de Madagascar, organise une journée d’études et d’échanges autour du thème « Historiographie et mémoire ».

Informations pratiques :

  • Date : Mardi 28 mars 2017, à partir de 9 heures$
  • Lieu : Amphi 24, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines



  • Matinée

9h.00-9h.15 : Prise de parole

-Le Responsable de la mention histoire

-Le Doyen de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université d’Antananarivo

– Le Président de  l’Université d’Antananarivo


– Lucile Rabearimanana, Professeure titulaire: «L’insurrection de 1947 : le point des connaissances, les recherches entreprises et celles à entreprendre»

– Sylvie Andriamihamina, Directrice des Archives nationales : «Le fonds 1947 aux Archives nationales de Madagascar et ailleurs»

– Didier Nativel, Professeur, Université Denis Diderot, Paris 7 : «1947 : entre histoire nationale et perspectives croisées. Mémoires, écritures de l’histoire, comparaison »

Modératrice : Faranirina Rajaonah, Professeure émérite

10h.45-11h.45 : Échanges et débats

11h.45-12h.45 : Pause

  • Après-midi


– Felandzohary Razanakolona, historienne et Rolland Raparivo, artiste-peintre : Présentation du tableau «Ny Fandosirana, mars 1947»

– Jeannot Rasoloarison et Denis Alexandre Lahiniriko, Maîtres de conférences : «L’insurrection de 1947 à travers le programme scolaire malgache»

– Frédérique Andriamaro et Roland Rakotovao, Maîtres de conférences : Présentation du film «La perception des jeunes universitaires de la commémoration du 29 mars 1947»

Modératrice : Lolona Razafindralambo, Maître de conférences

14h.30-15h.30 : Échanges et débats

16h.00 :  Synthèse  et clôture

15h.30-16h.00 : Synthèse et clôture

10 mars 2016 : Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien

Histoire sociale de l’Afrique orientale, de la mer Rouge et de l’océan Indien

Séance du 10 mars 2016, 15h à 18h
Salle des artistes, Rdc, 96 bd Raspail, 75006 Paris

- Elke Stockreiter, American University, Washington, DC, Dept. of History
Islamic Law, Gender, and Social Change in Post-Abolition Zanzibar

Résumé :
This paper draws on Islamic court records to offer new insights into Zanzibar’s social and legal history during the British colonial period (1890-1963). Based on these hitherto unexplored sources, it revises our understanding of gender roles in a Muslim marriage and within the household. It further challenges studies on slavery and female exclusion from the economic and legal sphere on the East African coast, as the court records demonstrate the ubiquity and social acceptability of female economic agency. They also shed new light on litigants’ use of Islamic courts as well as on Muslim and British colonial officers’ approaches toward Islamic law. Although British interference with Zanzibar’s judiciary dates back to the early nineteenth century, the paper argues that Muslim judges maintained their autonomy within the sphere of family law throughout the colonial era. Contrary to the opinions of scholars and the Zanzibaris themselves, Muslim judges were advancing women’s and ex-slaves’ rights long before the post-colonial period, thereby indicating that class was a more important determinant of women’s identities than gender. The sources further allow us to better understand an important shift in Muslim identity that occurred in the colonial period : whereas Zanzibari Muslims had seen themselves primarily through the lens of religion in the nineteenth century, by the early twentieth century, after the vast majority of freed slaves had adopted Islam, they began to view themselves through the lens of ethnicity. The increasing focus on ethnicity, together with underlying tensions between former slave owners and newly freed slaves, contributed to the outbreak of the revolution of 1964, which ousted the Omani Arab oligarchy.

- Ismail Warscheid, IRHT-CNRS
Translating normative discourse into social facts : Islamic legal literature and the making of society in premodern Western Africa (Mauritania, Mali, southern Algeria)

Résumé :
For several decades now, Islamic legal literature has been serving as a source for the social and cultural history of pre-modern Muslim societies. At the same time, a range of scholars has also raised important methodological caveats by stressing the fact that legal sources are foremost normative texts. When discussing local issues in the language of the fiqh, the intention of Muslim jurists is not so much to preserve the cultural memory of their communities as to think of these issues as a normative problem that, at one moment, has come up either as a case (rafaʿat al-nāzila) or as a generic question (masʾala). In my presentation, I would like to take a step further by examining how normative propositions elaborated by Muslim jurists from the Western Sahara between the seventeenth and the nineteenth centuries affected social interaction between local pastoral groups. Texts to be discussed are, among others, the Nawāzil of al-Sharīf Ḥamāh Allāh from Tishit (d. 1755), the Ghunya compiled in the Algerian Tuwat oasis during the first half of the nineteenth century, and the Kitāb al-Bādiya written by the Mauritanian nomadic scholar Muḥammad al-Māmī (d. 1865-6).

Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic

Wendy Wilson-Fall et Michael Gomez, Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic, Ohio University Press, 2015, 245 p.

From the seventeenth century into the nineteenth, thousands of Madagascar’s people were brought to American ports as slaves. In Memories of Madagascar and Slavery in the Black Atlantic, Wendy Wilson-Fall shows that the descendants of these Malagasy slaves in the United States maintained an ethnic identity in ways that those from the areas more commonly feeding the Atlantic slave trade did not. Generations later, hundreds, if not thousands, of African Americans maintain strong identities as Malagasy descendants, yet the histories of Malagasy slaves, sailors, and their descendants have been little explored.

Wilson-Fall examines how and why the stories that underlie this identity have been handed down through families?—?and what this says about broader issues of ethnicity and meaning-making for those whose family origins, if documented at all, have been willfully obscured by history.

By analyzing contemporary oral histories as well as historical records and examining the conflicts between the two, Wilson-Fall carefully probes the tensions between the official and the personal, the written and the lived. She suggests that historically, the black community has been a melting pot to which generations of immigrants?—?enslaved and free?—?have been socially assigned, often in spite of their wish to retain far more complex identities. Innovative in its methodology and poetic in its articulation, this book bridges history and ethnography to take studies of diaspora, ethnicity, and identity into new territory.

“This innovative study marries two very divergent sources of knowledge—historical documentation from the era of the slave trade with the narratives of remembrance of ancestors from the present—to reveal a compelling story that links Madagascar with colonial North America and the struggles of the descendants of Malagasy immigrants to retain an identity that was endangered through slavery.” —Paul E. Lovejoy, Distinguished Research Professor, York

Toronto/McGill Madagascar Workshop, October 12-14, 2017

Dear Colleagues:

We are pleased to announce the 12th “Toronto/McGill Madagascar Workshop,” which will be held at the University of Toronto, October 12-14, 2017. This workshop aims to bring together anthropologists, historians and other scholars who share an interest in Madagascar and its diaspora, and to provide a forum for participants to share current research and ideas.

The meeting will include formal presentations and informal discussion centered around thematic sessions as well as a conference dinner. We are pleased to announce that the keynote speaker will be documentary filmmaker Marie-Clémence Paes. The workshop will include a screening of her film, Passé sous silence (Madagascar 1947) at the Alliance Française on Thursday evening, October 12th. Workshop sessions will take place on Friday October 13th (and possibly Saturday October 14th, depending on the final number of participants).

The workshop organizers invite participants to present research on any topic related to the study of Malagasy society, language, and people. Poster presentations or related modes of visual display are also invited for consideration. Potential participants should indicate their interest to Sarah Gould and submit a provisional title and short abstract by June 15, 2017.

There are no registration fees, however participants will be expected to cover their own travel costs. We have reserved a block of rooms at the Holiday Inn Toronto (Bloor Yorkville) at a reduced conference rate.

For further information and updates, please see the 2017 workshop website: or contact Sarah Gould (at

Kindly circulate this notice to any other parties, including students, who might be interested in participating. We look forward to the workshop and hope to see you in Toronto!



Welcome to the 2017 Madagascar Workshop!

Summer School-2017 : British Institute in Eastern Africa’s Advanced Research Methods (Nairobi)

The British Institute in Eastern Africa ( ) is accepting applications to its three-week 2017 Summer School in Kenya.

Registration deadline is on 31st March 2017 while the payment deadline is on 30th April 2017

The Summer School targets graduate students from the humanities and social sciences departments from across the world. The aim is to provide advanced practical and field-based training in research methods. The students will spend ten days in the field putting into practice various research methods.


Modules on offer include: Approaches to African Studies by various Disciplines (Anthropology, Archaeology, History and Political Science); Introduction to field research; Practical sampling, mapping and village surveys exercises; Practical ethnographic field work exercises; Practical oral and life history interviewing and focus group discussion exercises and; Ethics, permits and practicalities of doing research in Africa.


Apply at:


For more information, see brochure attached and/or get in touch with us through: or


Many thanks,


Cynthia Olouasa

Project Development Officer

British Institute in Eastern Africa


British Institute in Eastern Africa Summer School 2017 Brochure

British Institute in Eastern Africa Summer School 2017 Brochure